Fauna

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Mammals

While travelling along the park trails, you are more likely to face marals or brown bears. Small mammals are as a rule very shy and more often live a dusky lifestyle, so you can hardly find them. However you can surely see the traces of hares, weasels and other small mammals.

Brown bear

Brown bear

A gross animal, classified as a predator, is in fact omnivorous. Bears eat green parts of plants, berries, pine nuts, ants, small birds and animals, and they even scavenge. Sometimes they can hunt gross animals, more often hoofed. Last harvestless years saw more cases of conflicts between ‘the master of taiga’ and the man. Bears attack livestock, come to villages and they even don’t often pay attention to people’s shouts and shots. That’s why travelling through taiga you have to be careful and avoid meeting this animal, especially a bear female with bear cubs.
Maral (Cervus elaphus)

Maral (Cervus elaphus)

The most wide spread in the Altai representative of Cervidae family. This animal plays an important role in the life of local inhabitants. Marals can be seen everywhere – from the lower part of valleys to the zone of bald mountains. The unossified and cast-off maral’s antlers are valuable raw materials for production of biologically active additives and some medicines. That’s why these beautiful animals are even bred specially, although more often in fact unossified antlers are taken from wild marals.
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Birds

Travelling through the mountains and valleys of the Kadrin park you will certainly meet lots of birds. Most birds don’t like to be seen by people, so if you like ornithology you have to be careful, sharp-eyed and lucky. For watching the birds you may surely need a field glass and an illustrated reference book. So, prepare well for a walk and let’s go!
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Lots of various song birds inhabit the river valleys, shrubbery and forests. These are noisy tits (e.g. willow tits), thrushes and unremarkable warblers hiding in the trees. Sometimes in the leaves near the rivers you can notice red spots – these are bullfinches and rosefinches. If you are lucky, you will meet an amazing bird of the Siberian forests – the rubythroat. This bird sings as wonderfully as its European brother but its feather is much more beautiful.
The rivers and lakes banks are full of graceful little birds with a white or yellow chest, flying from one stone to another and constantly twitching their tails; these are usual wagtails and grey wagtails. Everywhere on the meadows and pastures in the river valleys you can meet the birds swinging on the top of the grass and producing a distinguishable sound, this is one of the most numerous species of the region – stonechat. All this bird diversity impresses especially in spring and in the beginning of summer, when males’ nuptial songs sound everywhere. If you decide to climb the slopes of the Altai Mountains, then you will certainly go through the larch forest and/or the cedar forest. Among the bodies and branches of those beautiful majestic trees you can spot woodpeckers, e.g. the gray-headed woodpecker; the nuthatch – a bird with a grey back and wings and red feather under its tail; titlarks – small birds of a brown colour with spots on their chest, and also warblers, whitethroats and tits. A typical representative of the bird fauna of the Altai forests is the nutcracker, quite a big corvid with distinctive white spots on a brown chest and a strong recognizable voice. From the thrush species you are most likely to meet the missel thrush - the biggest thrush on the Russian territory.
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In the thin forest zone, near the upper border of the mountain forests you can often see the eastern turtle dove and the hoopoe, a varicoloured bird with a slightly hooked beak and a crest. Also it is a place of feeding of rosefinches and redpolls – tiny passerine birds with bright red spots on their forehead.
Going farther up, you will find yourself on the sub-Alpine meadow or in the yernik which is a dwarf birch thicket. The yernik is a favourite habitat of the black redstart. Nevertheless the redstart is a typical representative of this biotope, you will hardly be able to see it in details as these birds are very fast, they leave the yearnik only for a while and rapidly fly back into it again.
Lots of passerines inhabit the sub-Alpine meadow, such as the Siberian meadow bunting, the stonechat, the beambird, the titlark and the whitethroat. Also on the Alpine meadow and mountain wastes you can see the usual wheatear and the pied wheatear – small birds of a brown colour with specific vertical landing. Passing through the unforested mountain slopes, you can get frightened by a big bird which can unexpectedly and loudly flutter out of your feet. This is the rock or willow ptarmigan – representatives of tetraonidae family, which can be easily recognized by their white wings.
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If talking about the predatory birds of the region, the most widespread species here is the black kite having a distinctive shape of a tail. Buzzards and sparrow hawks can also be seen flying above the pastures and forests. If you happen to see a big predator flying slowly not so high above the ground, it will surely be the harrier. To meet the golden eagle or the imperial eagle is a big luck, but they also inhabit the Altai Mountains!

In this short description we mentioned only a few bird species inhabiting the area of the Kadrin natural park. It may happen that you will be able to enlarge the list of the birds living here!
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